Sliced ripe watermelon isolated on white background cutout

Make Millions Farming Water Melon

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Watermelon is a reddish and succulent, most popular, readily available and affordable fruit in Nigeria. It is a natural source of most powerful antioxidants provided by nature. It is a good source of the antioxidants, vitamins C and A which protect us from diseases. It reduces the risk of dehydration.

It’s a plant that can grow anywhere in Nigeria, and the demand for it is growing daily as a result of its benefits. Research shows that watermelon cuts the risk of sun related skin damage by 40 percent. That’s because watermelon is nature’s richest source of lycopene, an antioxidant that scavenges the UV-induced free radicals that cause sunburn and wrinkling. Lycopene may also help reduce the risks of cancer and other diseases. It can help to improve sleep. Eating a few slices of this fruit after dinner can extend the deep stages of sleep by 27 percent. Watermelon can boost energy.  This is because it contains vitamin B6, which the body uses to synthesise good dopamine.

Watermelon can help in the faster healing of wound and other skin problems. The fruit is packed with the amino acid, citrulline, which the body converts to arginine.

Planting Season

Watermelon is best planted at the outset of the rainy season or when the season is almost done. This will allow for low relative humidity, a condition essential for normal growth of the crop in southern Nigeria. In the northern part, early season planting is in May and late season planting is July. But with functional irrigation in the north, it could be planted round the year, accounting for why it is usually brought from the north.

Land Preparation

Watermelon can be planted on flat land or on ridges/plant beds depending on the nature of the soil. According to plant physiologists, if the water table level is high (in the core rainy season), seed beds or ridges are essential. It requires loamy soil or silt loam soil and it also performs well on heavy soil if it is well drained. It does not tolerate water logging and so, if planted on heavy soil, ridging will be helpful to improve drainage. On loamy soil, it is usually planted on the flat land.


One way to determine when watermelon is ripe is to watch the tendril closest to the melon stem. A tendril is a modified leaf or stem in the shape of slender, spirally coil. When it turns brown and dries up, the melon is ripe. The trouble with this method is that with some watermelon varieties, the tendril dries and drops off more than a week before the melon is fully ripe. The surest sign of ripeness in most watermelon varieties is the colour of the bottom spot where the melon sits on the ground. As the watermelon matures, the spot turns from almost white to a rich yellow. Also, all watermelons lose the powdery or slick appearance on the top and take on a dull look when fully ripe.


You can start off a watermelon agribusiness with very little capital – N30,000 to N60,000, no huge capital or expertise to start; especially if one is using mechanised and chemical methods throughout the entire farming season.The Return on Investment {ROI} is huge and can make anyone generate wealth. It takes very short time for the production cycle to be complete. Just within 70 – 90 days, that is to say you will farm two to three times a year in an area with irrigation or good water supply.

Farming Items

Land, chemicals, water melon seeds, fertilizers or manure.

The Market

The major market for water melon is open market in any area you are because the demand for it is high.

Note: coconut oil is available in large quantities for both domestic and industrial use. You can advertise your agro-allied product and services here.

By Agbaji Chinedu

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